RUSSIAN FEDERATION

FEDERAL LAW "ON POLITICAL PARTIES"

 

Adopted by the State Duma on June 21, 2001

Approved by the Federation Council on June 29, 2001

 

The Russian Federation recognizes political diversity and a multi-party system. Based on this constitutional principle the state shall guarantee the equality of political parties before law regardless of the ideology, objectives and goals set out in their constituent and program documents.

The state shall guarantee the observance of the rights and legitimate interests of political parties.

 

 

Chapter I. General Provisions


Article 1. Subject of Regulation of This Federal Law


This Federal Law regulates public relations arising out of the exercise by citizens of the Russian Federation of the right to form political parties and special features of creation, activity, reorganization and liquidation of political parties in the Russian Federation.


Article 2. Right of the Citizens of the Russian Federation to Form Political Parties


The right of the citizens of the Russian Federation to form political parties shall include the right to create, on a voluntary basis, political parties in conformity with the citizens' convictions; the right to join or refrain from joining political parties; the right to participate in the activity of political parties in conformity with their statutes; the right to freely withdraw from political parties.


Article 3. Concept of a Political Party and Its Structure


1. A political party is a public association created for enabling citizens of the Russian Federation to participate in the political life of society by shaping and expressing their political will, to participate in public and political events, in elections, referenda and also for representing the interests of citizens in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government.

2. A political party shall meet the following requirements:

a political party shall have regional branches in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation; only one regional branch of the given political party may be created in any one subject of the Russian Federation;

a political party shall have not less than ten thousand party members and its regional branches in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall have not less than one hundred party members in accordance with Clause 6, Article 23 of this Federal Law. Each one of the other regional branches shall have not less than fifty members of the political party in accordance with Clause 6, Article 23 of this Federal Law;

the leading and other bodies of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall be located in the territory of the Russian Federation.

3. In this Federal Law a regional branch of a political party shall mean a structural subdivision of the political party which is created by a decision of its duly authorized leading body and which conducts its activity in the territory of a subject of the Russian Federation. A single regional branch of a political party may be created in a subject of the Russian Federation comprising an autonomous district (autonomous districts). Other structural subdivisions of a political party (local and primary branches) shall be created in the cases and in the procedure established by its statutes.

4. The objectives and goals of a political party shall be set out in its statutes and program.

The main objectives of a political party shall be as follows:

shaping of public opinion;

political instruction and education of citizens;

expression of opinions of citizens on all issues of public life; making the general public and the bodies of state power aware of these opinions;

nomination of candidates at elections to legislative (representative) bodies of state power and representative bodies of local self-government, participation in elections to the said bodies and in their work.

 

Article 4. Legislation of the Russian Federation On Political Parties


The activity of political parties shall be based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and shall be regulated by federal constitutional laws, this Federal Law and other federal laws.


Article 5. Territorial Sphere of Activity of a Political Party


A political party may conduct its activity over the entire territory of the Russian Federation.


Article 6. Name of a Political Party


1. The name of a political party, both full and abbreviated, shall not use the names of other political parties existing in the Russian Federation, other All-Russian public associations and political parties which have ceased their activity because of liquidation in consequence of violation of Clause 1, Article 9 of this Federal Law.

2. The name of a political party shall not use the names of bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government, the first and/or family name of any citizen.

3. Regional branches and other structural subdivisions of a political party shall use the name of the given political party with indication of the territorial location of the branch.

4. A political party may use in its name such words as “Russia,” “the Russian Federation” and words and word combinations formed on their basis.

5. The name of a political party shall comply with the requirements of the Russian Federation laws on the protection of intellectual property and/or copyrights. It shall be forbidden for a political party to use a name which offends racial, national or religious feelings.

6. Public associations which are not political parties shall not use the word “party” in their name.


Article 7. Symbols of a Political Party


1. A political party may have its own emblem and other symbols with  the exact description thereof being given in the statutes of the political party. The symbols of a political party shall not coincide with the national symbols of the Russian Federation, national symbols of the subjects of the Russian Federation, symbols of municipalities or national symbols of foreign states.

2. A political party shall not use as its emblem or other symbols the emblems and other symbols of political parties and other All-Russian public associations existing in the Russian Federation, or emblems and other symbols of organizations whose activity is banned in the territory of the Russian Federation.

3. The symbols of a political party shall comply with the requirements of the Russian Federation laws on the protection of intellectual property and/or copyrights. It shall be forbidden to use symbols which insult or denigrate the national flag of the Russian Federation, the national emblem of the Russian Federation, the national anthem of the Russian Federation, flags, emblems, anthems of the subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities and foreign states, religious symbols and symbols which may offend racial, national or religious feelings.


Article 8. Basic Principles of Activity of Political Parties


1. The activity of political parties shall be based on the principles of voluntary participation, equality, self-governance, legality and openness. Political parties shall be free to determine their internal structure, objectives, forms and methods of their activity, subject to the restrictions established by this Federal Law.

2. The activity of political parties shall not infringe upon the human and civil rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

3. Political parties shall operate openly, the information on their constituent and program documents shall be available to the general public.

4. Political parties shall provide for men and women, citizens of the Russian Federation of various nationalities, who are members of a political party, equal opportunities of being represented in the leading bodies of the political party, on the lists of candidates for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government.


Article 9. Restrictions On the Creation and Activity of Political Parties


1. Creation and activity of political parties shall be prohibited if their objectives or actions aim at a forcible change of the fundamentals of the constitutional system, violation of the integrity of the Russian Federation, undermining of the national security, formation of military and paramilitary units, incitement of racial, national or religious enmity.

2. The inclusion in the statutes and programs of political parties of provisions advocating the ideas of social justice and the activity of political parties aimed at the protection of social justice shall not be regarded as incitement of social enmity.

3. The creation of political parties on a professional, racial, national or religious basis shall not be allowed.

In this Federal Law "professional, racial, national or religious basis" shall mean the proclamation in the statutes and the program of a political party of such objectives as the advocacy of professional, racial, national or religious interests and also the reflection of these objectives in the name of a political party.

A political party shall not consist of persons of one profession.

4. Structural subdivisions of political parties shall be created and shall operate only on a territorial basis. Structural subdivisions of political parties shall not be formed in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government, in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, in the law enforcement and other government agencies, in the governmental and non-governmental organizations.

5. The activity of political parties and their structural subdivisions shall not be allowed in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government (except for legislative (representative) bodies of state power and representative bodies of local self-government), in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, in the law enforcement and other government agencies, in the administrative apparatuses of legislative (representative) bodies of state power, in the governmental organizations. Political parties shall not interfere in the educational process at educational establishments.

6. In the territory of the Russian Federation the creation and activity of political parties of foreign states and of their structural subdivisions shall not be allowed.

7. If a state of emergency or martial law is imposed in the territory of the Russian Federation or in separate parts thereof, the activity of political parties shall be subject to the federal constitutional law on the state of emergency or on martial law.


Article 10. The State and Political Parties


1. The interference of bodies of state power and their officials in the activity of political parties and the interference of political parties in the activity of bodies of state power and their officials shall not be allowed.

2. Issues affecting the interests of political parties shall be resolved by bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government with the participation of the political parties concerned or by agreement with them.

3. Persons, holding governmental or municipal offices, and persons on the state or municipal service shall not take advantage of the privileges of their official position or status to promote the interests of a political party to which they belong or to promote the interests of any other political party. Such persons, except for deputies of the State Duma, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, deputies of other legislative (representative) bodies of state power and deputies of representative bodies of local self-government, shall not be bound by the decisions of the political party in the performance of their official duties.

4. The President of the Russian Federation may suspend his membership in a political party during his term of office.

 

Chapter II. Creation of a Political Party


Article 11. Methods of Creation of a Political Party


1. A political party shall be created freely, without any permissions from any bodies of state power or any officials. A political party may be created at the constituent congress of the political party or by way of transformation of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement into a political party at the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement.

2. A political party shall be deemed created as of the day on which the constituent congress adopts resolutions to create the political party, to form its regional branches in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation, to adopt the statutes of the political party and its program, to form the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of the political party. Delegates to the constituent congress of a political party shall be the founders of the political party.

3. From the day of its formation, a political party shall conduct organizational, informational and propaganda activities connected with the formation of its regional branches and receipt of the state registration certificate of the political party.

4. When an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement is to transform into a political party, the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian movement shall adopt a resolution to transform the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement into a political party, to transform their regional branches in the subjects of the Russian Federation into regional branches of the political party, to adopt the statutes and the program of the political party and to form the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of the political party.

5. When a political party is created by way of transformation of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement into a political party, such political party shall be deemed created from the day on which a corresponding entry is made in the unified state register of legal entities.


Article 12. Organizing Committee


1. In order to prepare, convene and hold the constituent congress of a political party, the citizens of the Russian Federation, eligible for membership in a political party, shall set up an organizing committee consisting of not less than ten persons.

2. The organizing committee shall notify in writing the federal body of executive power authorized to carry out the state registration of political parties (hereafter "the federal registration body") of its intention to create a political party and shall indicate the suggested name of such party. The following shall be submitted to the federal registration body along with the said notification:

a) information about not less than ten members of the organizing committee (full names, dates of birth, citizenship, contact telephones);

b) the minutes of the meeting of the organizing committee indicating the purpose for which the committee has been formed; the period of its powers (not to exceed one year); its location; the procedure for the use of funds and other property of the organizing committee; information about the commission's member authorized to open a settlement account in which the funds of the organizing committee are to be deposited and to conclude civil-law contracts required to provide for the activity of the committee (hereafter "the authorized representative of the organizing committee") (full name, date of birth, address of residence, citizenship, series and number of the passport or an equivalent identity paper, contact telephone).

3. On the day of receipt of the notification and other documents indicated in Clause 2 of this Article the federal registration body or its territorial agency (hereafter "the territorial registration agency") shall issue to the authorized representative of the organizing committee a document confirming submission of these documents. .

4. Within a month upon receipt of the document indicated in Clause 3 of this Article the organizing committee shall publish an announcement in one of or several national newspapers or periodicals about its intention to create a political party and submission of the corresponding documents to the federal registration body.


Article 13. Activity of the Organizing Committee


1. The organizing committee shall regulate its activity as it sees fit. During the period of its powers the organizing committee shall hold the constituent congress of the political party. To do so, the organizing committee shall:

conduct organizational, informational and propaganda activities aimed at the formation of regional branches of the new political party in the subjects of the Russian Federation, including arrangements to hold meetings of supporters of the new political party at which delegates to the constituent congress of the political party are to be elected;

open a settlement account at one of the credit institutions of the Russian Federation through the authorized representative of the organizing committee and advise the federal registration body to this effect.

2. The funds of the organizing committee shall be made up of donations made to the political party in conformity with the requirements of Article 30 of this Federal Law.

3. The organizing committee shall cease its activity after the constituent congress of the political party. The funds and other property of the organizing committee and a financial report on their use, indicating the sources of the funds and other property, shall be handed over to the newly-created political party.

4. If, during the period of its powers, the organizing committee fails to hold the constituent congress of the political party, the organizing committee shall cease its activity upon expiration of this period. In this case, the remaining funds of the organizing committee shall be transferred to the donors pro rata according to their donations and the other property shall be returned to the donors in kind. If this is impossible to do, the remaining funds and other property of the organizing committee shall be transferred to the budget revenues of the Russian Federation.


Article 14. Constituent Congress of a Political Party or a Congress of an All-Russian Public Organization or an All-Russian Public Movement Convened to Transform Them Into a Political Party


1. The information about the venue and date of the constituent congress of a political party or the congress of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement convened to transform them into a political party shall be published by the organizing committee or the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement in Rossiiskaya Gazeta or in other national print media. The said information shall be published not later than one month prior to the date of convocation of the constituent congress of the political party or the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement convened to transform them into a political party.

Rossiiskaya Gazeta shall, free of charge, publish the information about the venue and date of the constituent congress of a political party or the congress of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement convened to transform them into a political party within two weeks upon submission of this information to the newspaper.

2. The constituent congress of a political party shall be deemed to be legally competent if attended by delegates who represent more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation and reside in these subjects of the Russian Federation most of the time. The representation quota for the delegates to the constituent congress shall be fixed by the organizing committee so that each one of the said subjects of the Russian Federation shall be represented by not less than three delegates. Resolutions of the constituent congress of a political party, indicated in Clause 2, Article 11 of this Federal Law shall be adopted by a majority vote of the delegates to the constituent congress of the political party.

3. A resolution to transform an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement into a political party and other resolutions shall be adopted by the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement in compliance with their respective statutes. The congress of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement shall be considered to be legally competent if attended by delegates who represent regional branches of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement located in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation and reside in these subjects of the Russian Federation most of the time. The representation quota for the delegates to the congress shall be fixed so that each one of the said regional branches shall be represented by not less than three delegates. When an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement is to be transformed into a political party formation of an organizing committee shall not be required.

4. Within a month of the constituent congress of a political party or the congress of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement which adopted a resolution to transform the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement into a political party, the political party shall submit basic provisions of its program for publication in Rossiiskaya Gazeta . Within a month of submission of the said provisions, Rossiiskaya Gazeta shall, free of charge, publish the basic provisions of the program of the political party in the scope of not less than two hundred newspaper lines.

 

Chapter III. State Registration of a Political Party


Article 15. State Registration of a Political Party and Its Regional Branches


1. A political party and its regional branches shall be subject to the state registration to be carried out in the procedure established by this Federal Law. A political party and its regional branches shall conduct full-scale activities, specifically as legal entities, after their state registration. The state registration of a political party or its regional branches shall be confirmed by the state registration certificate of the political party or its regional branch.

2. The state registration of a political party and its regional branches shall be carried out by the federal registration body and territorial registration agencies, respectively (hereafter "registration authorities").

3. The documents required for the state registration of a political party shall be presented to the federal registration body within six months of the date of the constituent congress of the political party or the congress of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement which adopted a resolution to transform the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement into a political party.

4. The state registration of regional branches of a political party shall be carried out after the state registration of the political party. In more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation the state registration of regional branches of a political party must be carried out within six months of the date of the state registration of the political party.

5. Having established that the documents required for the state registration of a political party or its regional branches comply with the requirements of this Federal Law, the registration authorities shall, within a month of receipt of the documents, issue a state registration certificate of the political party or its regional branch to the authorized representatives of the political party or its regional branch.

6. If, within a month of the last day of the period specified in Clause 4 of this Article, a political party fails to submit copies of certificates of the state registration of its regional branches in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation to the federal registration body, the state registration certificate of the political party shall be invalidated and the entry about creation of this political party shall be removed from the unified state register of legal entities.

7. The periods specified in Clauses 4 and 6 of this Article shall be extended if the decision to deny the state registration of a regional branch of a political party has been appealed to a court and on the last day of these periods the court decision is still pending.

8. If other structural subdivisions of a political party are granted the status of a legal entity under the statutes of this political party, the state registration of such structural subdivisions shall be carried out in the procedure established for the state registration of regional branches of a political party. In this case, such structural subdivisions of a political party shall be subject to the requirements established by this Federal Law with respect to the state registration of regional branches of a political party, except for the second and the third paragraph of Clause 2, Article 3 of this Federal Law .

9. A registration fee shall be charged for the state registration of a political party and its regional branches in the procedure established by Russian Federation laws.

The registration fee for the state registration of a political party shall amount to fifty times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year of the state registration of the political party. The registration fee for the state registration of a regional branch of a political party shall amount to three times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year of the state registration of the regional branch of the political party.


Article 16. Documents to Be Submitted For the State Registration of a Political Party Created at the Constituent Congress of the Political Party


1. The following documents shall be submitted to the federal registration body for the state registration of a political party created at the constituent congress of the political party:

a) an application signed by the authorized representatives of the political party, indicating their full names, address of the place of residence and contact telephones;

b) the statutes of the political party, in duplicate, duly bound, page-numbered and certified by the authorized representatives of the political party;

c) the program of the political party certified by the authorized representatives of the political party;

d) copies of the resolutions of the constituent congress of the political party on the creation of the political party, on the adoption of its statutes and its program, on the creation of regional branches of the political party, on the formation of its leading and supervisory-auditing bodies, with the information concerning the representation of delegates at the congress and the voting results, the said copies being certified by the authorized representatives of the political party;

e) a document certifying payment of the registration fee;

f) a document certifying provision of a legal address to the political party;

g) an issue of the national newspaper or periodical which published information about the venue and date of the constituent congress of the political party;

h) copies of the minutes of conferences or general meetings of regional branches of the political party held in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation, indicating the number of members of the political party in its regional branches complying with the requirements of Clause 2, Article 3 of this Federal Law and the location of the leading bodies of regional branches of the political party, the said copies being certified by the authorized representatives of regional branches of the political party;

2. On the day of receipt of the documents indicated in Clause 1 of this Article the federal registration body shall issue a document confirming their receipt to the authorized representatives of the political party. The federal registration body shall not require a political party to submit any documents for its state registration other than those listed in Clause 1 of this Article.


Article 17. Documents to Be Submitted For the State Registration of a Political Party

Created By Way of Transformation of an All-Russian Public Organization or an All-Russian Public Movement Into a Political Party


1. The following documents shall be submitted to the federal registration body for the state registration of a political party created by way of transformation of an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement into a political party:

a) an application signed by the authorized representatives of the All-Russian public organization, the All-Russian public movement or some other body responsible for their transformation into a political party, indicating the full names, address of the place of residence and contact telephones of such representatives;

b) the statutes of the political party, in duplicate, duly bound, page-numbered and certified by the authorized representatives of the All-Russian public organization, the All-Russian public movement or some other body responsible for their transformation into a political party;

c) the program of the political party certified by the authorized representatives of the All-Russian public organization, the All-Russian public movement or some other body responsible for their transformation into a political party;

d) copies of the resolutions of the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement on their transformation into a political party, on the adoption of the statutes of the political party and its program, on the transformation of regional branches of the All-Russian political organization or the all-Russian political movement into regional branches of the political party, on the formation of its leading and supervisory-auditing bodies, with the information concerning the representation of delegates at the congress and the voting results, the said copies being certified by the authorized representatives of the All-Russian public organization, the All-Russian public movement or some other body responsible for their transformation into a political party;

e) a document certifying payment of the registration fee;

f) a document certifying provision of a legal address to the political party;

g) an issue of the national newspaper or periodical which published information about the venue and date of the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement convened for their transformation into a political party;

h) copies of the minutes of conferences or general meetings of regional branches of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement held in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation, containing the resolutions on transformation of the regional branches of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement into regional branches of a political party and indicating the number of members of the political party in its regional branches complying with the requirements of Clause 2, Article 3 of this Federal Law and the location of the leading bodies of regional branches of the political party, the said copies being certified by the authorized representatives of regional branches of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement;

i) a transfer deed of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement to be executed in conformity with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.

2. On the day of receipt of the documents indicated in Clause 1 of this Article the federal registration body shall issue a document confirming their receipt to the authorized representatives of the political party. The federal registration body shall not require a political party to submit any documents for its state registration other than those listed in Clause 1 of this Article.


Article 18. Documents to Be Submitted For the State Registration of a Regional Branch of a Political Party


1. The following documents shall be submitted to the territorial registration agency for the state registration of a regional branch of a political party;

a) a copy of the resolution of the constituent congress of the political party or the congress of the All-Russian public organization or the All-Russian public movement on the creation (transformation) of regional (territorial) branches of the political party or a copy of the resolution of an authorized body of the political party on the creation (transformation) of regional (territorial) branches of the political party;

b) a copy of the state registration certificate of the political party certified by the authorized representatives of the political party;

c) copies of the statutes and the program of the political party certified by the authorized representatives of the political party;

d) a copy of the minutes of the conference or general meeting of the regional branch of the political party, indicating the number of members of the political party in its regional branch and the location of the leading bodies of the regional branch of the political party, the said copy being certified by the authorized representatives of the regional branch of the political party;

e) a document certifying payment of the registration fee;

f) a document certifying provision of a legal address to the regional branch of the political party.

2. On the day of receipt of the documents indicated in Clause 1 of this Article, the territorial registration agency shall issue a document confirming their receipt to the authorized representatives of the political party. The territorial registration agency shall not require a political party to submit any documents for the state registration of a regional branch of the political party, other than those listed in Clause 1 of this Article.


Article 19. Information about Registered Political Parties


1. Information about creation and liquidation of political parties shall be published in the national print media.

2. The registration authorities shall make entries concerning the state registration of political parties and their regional branches in the unified state register of legal entities which shall be open to the general public for inspection.

3. Within two months of the entry into force of this Federal Law the federal registration body shall open a special site in the public information-telecommunications network and shall publish the address of this site in Rossiiskaya Gazeta.

4. The federal registration body shall annually publish the list of political parties and their regional branches as of January 1 in the national print media and on a special site in the public information-telecommunications network, indicating the date of the registration of each political party and of each of its regional branches. The said site shall also show consolidated annual financial statements of political parties, contact telephones of permanent leading bodies of political parties and their regional branches and other open information about political parties.

5. Upon request of election commissions the registration authorities shall, within ten days of receipt of such request, furnish them with the lists of political parties and their regional branches which satisfy the requirements of Clause 2, Article 36 of this Federal Law as of the day on which the request was received.

6. The information about the members of a political party to be furnished to the registration authorities shall be classified as information with restricted access. The disclosure of the information indicated in this clause without the consent of political party members concerned shall entail liability established by Russian Federation laws.


Article 20. Grounds for Denying the State Registration of a Political Party or Its Regional Branch


1. A political party may be denied the state registration if:

a) the provisions of the statutes of the political party are contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, this Federal Law and other federal laws;

b) the name and/or the symbols of the political party do not meet the requirements of Article 6 and 7 of this Federal Law;

c) the documents required for the state registration of the political party under this Federal Law have not been submitted;

d) the federal registration body has established that the information contained in the documents submitted for the state registration of the political party does not meet the requirements of this Federal Law;

e) the deadlines set by this Federal Law for submission of documents required for the state registration of the political party have been missed.

2. A regional branch of a political party may be denied the state registration if:

a) the documents required for the state registration of the regional branch of the political party under this Federal Law have not been submitted;

b) the territorial registration agency has established that the information contained in the documents submitted for the state registration of the regional branch of the political party does not meet the requirements of this Federal Law.

3. The program of a political party shall be submitted exclusively for the information of the federal registration body. Any errors or inaccuracies in the program of a political party shall not serve as a reason for denying the state registration of a political party except for violation of the requirements set forth in Clause 1, Article 9 of this Federal Law. The federal registration body shall not require a political party to make any changes in its program.

4. Having taken a decision to deny the state registration of a political party or its regional branch, the registration authorities shall inform the applicant to this effect in writing within a month of receipt of the submitted documents, referring to violation of the specific provisions of the Russian Federation laws as result of which the state registration of the given political party or its regional branch has been denied.

5. The denial or avoidance of the state registration of a political party or its regional branch may be appealed to a court. The appeal of a political party or its regional branch against denial of the state registration shall be examined by a court within a month of the day on which it was filed. Denial of the state registration of a political party or its regional branch shall not be an obstacle to repeated submission of documents for the state registration of the political party or its regional branch to the registration authorities, provided the grounds for such denial have been eliminated. The registration authorities shall examine and decide on the newly submitted documents in the procedure established by this Federal Law for the state registration of a political party or its regional branch.

6. Within a month upon the entry into force of this Federal Law the federal registration body shall approve the samples of documents required for the state registration of a political party and its regional branch and publish such samples in Rossiiskaya Gazeta .

7. Within a month of their approval the samples of documents required for the state registration of a political party and its regional branch shall also be published by the federal registration body on a special site in the public information-telecommunications network.

 

Chapter IV. Internal Structure of a Political Party


Article 21. Statutes of a Political Party


1. A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall function on the basis of and in compliance with the statutes of the political party.

2. The statutes of a political party shall contain the provisions defining:

a) the objectives and goals of the political party;

b) the name of the political party, including its abbreviated name, the description of its symbols (if any);

c) the conditions and procedure for acquiring and losing membership in the political party, the rights and duties of its members;

d) the procedure for registration of members of the political party;

e) the procedure for creation, reorganization and liquidation of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions;

f) the procedure for election of the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, the period of powers and the competence of the said bodies;

g) the procedure for introducing modifications and amendments in the statutes of the political party and its program;

h) the rights of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions with regard to management of funds and other property; the financial responsibility of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions; the reporting rules of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions;

i) the procedure for nomination by the political party of candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government.

j) the grounds and procedure for recalling candidates, registered candidates for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government, nominated by the political party.

3. The statutes of a political party may also contain other provisions pertaining to its activity, which are not contrary to the Russian Federation laws.

4. Modifications and amendments to the statutes of a political party shall be subject to the state registration within the period established by this Federal Law. A registration fee shall be charged for the state registration of modifications and amendments to the statutes of a political party in the amount of three times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year of the state registration of modifications and amendments to the statutes of the political party.

When performing registration of modifications and amendments to the statutes of a political party, the federal registration body shall not impose any requirements on the political party, which are not related to the modifications and amendments to its statutes.


Article 22. Program of a Political Party


1. A political party shall have a program defining the principles of its activity, its objectives and goals and the methods of achieving these objectives and goals.

2. Modifications and amendments to the program of a political party shall be submitted to the federal registration body for its information within a month after they are introduced.


Article 23. Membership In a Political Party


1. Membership in a political party shall be voluntary and individual.

2. Membership in a political party shall be open to citizens of the Russian Federation who have attained to the age of 18 years. Foreign nationals, stateless persons and citizens of the Russian Federation declared by a court to be legally incompetent shall not be entitled to membership in a political party.

3. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall be admitted to a political party on the basis of their personal written applications, in the procedure established by the statutes of the political party.

4. Members of a political party shall participate in the activity of the political party, exercise the rights and bear the obligations in conformity with its statutes.

5. Members of a political party shall have the right to elect and be elected to the leading bodies of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions; receive information about the activity of the political party and its leading bodies; appeal the decisions and actions of the said bodies in the procedure established by the statutes of the political party.

6. A citizen of the Russian Federation may be a member of only one political party. A member of a political party may be registered with only one regional branch of the given political party at the place where he or she resides permanently or most of the time.

7. It shall be forbidden to require citizens of the Russian Federation to indicate membership or non-membership in a political party when they submit official information about themselves.

8. Membership or non-membership of citizens of the Russian Federation in a political party shall not serve as a reason for restricting their rights and freedoms or as a condition for granting them any privileges.

9. Members of a political party shall not be bound by the decisions of the political party in the performance of their official duties, except for persons working in the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of the political party, its regional branches or other structural subdivisions.

10. Membership in a political party shall not be restricted on professional, social, racial, national or religious grounds or depending on sex, origin, property status, place of residence. Restriction of the right to join a political party or the obligation to suspend membership in a political party may be established with respect to certain categories of citizens of the Russian Federation by the federal constitutional laws and federal laws.


Article 24. Leading Bodies of a Political Party and Its Regional Branches


1. The supreme leading body of a political party shall be the congress of the political party.

2. The supreme leading body of a regional branch of a political party shall be the conference or the general meeting of the regional branch of the political party.

3. Election of the leading bodies of a political party shall be held at least once every four years.

4. Election of the leading bodies of regional branches of a political party shall be held at least once every four years.


Article 25. Adoption of the Statutes, the Program and Other Important Decisions of a Political Party


1. Adoption, modification and amendment of the statutes and the program of a political party, election of the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of a political party, nomination by a political party of candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-self-government, consideration of the questions of reorganization or liquidation of a political party and its regional branches shall be carried out at the congress of the political party which shall be attended by delegates from regional branches of the political party formed in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Resolutions on the said issues shall be adopted in conformity with the statutes of the political party by a majority vote of the delegates present at the congress of the political party.

2. Resolutions on the election of leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of regional branches of a political party, on the nomination by regional branches of a political party of candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation and in the bodies of local self-government shall be adopted at the conference or at the general meeting of the regional branches of the political party in conformity with its statutes by a majority vote of delegates present at the conference or the general meeting of the regional branches of the political party.

3. Resolutions on the election of leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of a political party and its regional branches and also on nomination of candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government shall be voted upon by secret ballot.

4. Resolutions on other issues concerning the activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall be adopted in conformity with the statutes of the political party.

 

Chapter V. Rights and Obligations of a Political Party


Article 26. Rights of a Political Party


Subject to the Russian Federation laws a political party may:

a) freely disseminate information on its activity, propagandize its views, objectives and goals;

b) participate in the preparation of decisions of bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government in the procedure and within the limits established by this Federal Law and other laws;

c) participate in elections and referenda subject to the Russian Federation laws;

d) create regional, local and primary branches, including such branches with the status of a legal entity, take decisions on their reorganization and liquidation;

e) organize and hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches, picketing and other public events;

f) found publishing houses, news agencies, print shops, mass media and educational institutions for additional adult education;

g) make use of state and municipal mass media on equal terms;

h) form associations and unions with other political parties and other public associations without formation of a legal entity;

i) defend its rights and represent the legitimate interests of its members;

j) establish and maintain international ties with political parties and other public associations of foreign states, join international unions and associations;

k) carry on business activity subject to the Russian Federation laws and the party statutes.

A political party may engage in other activities specified by the Russian Federation laws.


Article 27. Obligations of a Political Party


1. A political party shall:

a) carry on its activity in conformity with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and other statutory acts of the Russian Federation and the party statutes;

b) every year submit to the registration authorities the information about the number of its members in each of its regional branches, about continuation of its activity and the location of its permanent leading body and the copies of the following financial documents filed with the tax authorities of the Russian Federation: the consolidated financial statement of the political party and the financial statements (accounting reports) of its regional branches and other structural subdivisions with the status of a legal entity (hereafter "registered structural subdivisions);

c) admit representatives of registration authorities to public events (including congresses, conferences or general meetings) held by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions;

d) notify in advance the election commission of the appropriate level about organization of events connected with the nomination of its candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government and admit representatives of the election commission of the appropriate level to these events.

2. Every year, a political party and its regional branches shall submit to the registration authorities the information about the number of registered candidates for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government, nominated by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions (including such nominations made within an election bloc) and also the information about the lists of candidates for deputies registered by election commissions. This information shall be submitted in the form of a copy of the protocol of election results certified by the election commission of the appropriate level.


Article 28. Property of a Political Party


1. A political party may own any property which is necessary for its activity provided for by this Federal Law and the statutes of the political party.

2. The owner of the property of a political party, including the property of its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, shall be the political party as a whole. Members of a political party shall have no rights in respect of the property of the political party. Regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions of a political party shall exercise the right of operational management of the property assigned to them by the owner and shall have their independent balance sheets or budgets.

3. The property of a political party shall be used only to achieve the objectives and goals set out in its statutes and program.

4. Regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions of a political party shall be liable for their obligations with their property. If they run short of such property, the political party shall be held vicariously liable for the obligations of its regional branches or other registered structural subdivisions.

5. The responsibility for the financial activity of a political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions shall rest with the authorized persons appointed in conformity with the statutes of the political party.


Article 29. Funds of a Political Party


1. The funds of a political party shall be formed from:

a) admission and membership dues, if their payment is provided for by the statutes of the political party;

b) allocations from the federal budget provided in conformity with this Federal Law;

c) donations;

d) receipts from the events, organized by the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, and revenues from the business activity;

e) receipts from civil-law transactions;

f) other receipts not prohibited by law.

2. The funds of a political party shall be deposited in the accounts at credit institutions registered in the territory of the Russian Federation. A political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions may each have only one settlement account.


Article 30. Donations to a Political Party and Its Regional Branches


1. A political party and its regional branches may accept donations in the form of money and other property from individuals and legal entities, provided these donations are duly documented and their source is indicated.

2. Donations to a political party and its regional branches in the form of money shall be made by means of non-cash transfers. Individuals shall be allowed to make cash donations to a political party and its regional branches. The total amount of annual cash donations from a single individual shall not exceed ten times the minimum monthly wage, established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations are made.

3. No donations to a political party and its regional branches shall be allowed from:

a) foreign states and foreign legal entities;

b) foreign nationals;

c) stateless persons;

d) citizens of the Russian Federation under 18 years of age;

e) Russian legal entities with foreign participation, if the foreign stake in their authorized capital exceeds 30 percent as of the date on which the donation is made (for open joint-stock companies - as of the date of the list of shareholders for the previous year);

f) international organizations and international public movements;

g) bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government;

h) state and municipal organizations;

i) legal entities with an authorized capital wherein the state or municipal stake exceeds 30 per cent as of the date on which the donation is made;

j) military units, military organizations, law enforcement agencies;

k) charitable institutions, religious associations and organizations founded by them;

l) anonymous donors;

m) legal entities registered less than one year prior to the date on which the donation is made.

4. The donations indicated in Clause 3 of this Article as well as donations which, when transferred, cause the amount indicated in Clause 9 of this Article to be exceeded shall be returned to the donors by a political party or its regional branch within a month of the date on which they were received or, should it be impossible to do so, they shall be transferred to the budget revenues of the Russian Federation.

5. A legal entity donating money to a political party or its regional branch shall transfer the money to the account of the political party or its regional branch at a credit institution, indicating the information required under the rules of non-cash settlements established for legal entities and shall make a note in the payment order indicating that the donation does not come within the restrictions on donations imposed by Clause 3 of this Article.

6. A citizen of the Russian Federation donating money to a political party or its regional branch shall transfer the money to the account of the political party or its regional branch at a credit institution personally from his own funds, producing a passport or an equivalent identity paper and indicating his full name and date of birth in the payment order or the money transfer. If a citizen of the Russian Federation makes a cash donation to a political party or its regional branch as provided in Clause 2 of this Article, the full name and date of birth of the donor shall be indicated in the credit slip.

7. If a donation is made in kind, a political party or its regional branch shall assess its value in money in conformity with the Russian Federation laws and shall enter the relevant information, including the information about the donor specified Clauses 5 and 6 of this Article, in the consolidated financial statement of the political party or the financial statement of its regional branch.

8. The amount of donations received by a political party, including donations to its regional branches, from one legal entity within one calendar year shall not exceed one hundred thousand times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations were made. The amount of donations received by a political party, including donations to its regional branch, from one individual within one calendar year shall not exceed ten thousand times the minimum wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the donations were made.

9. The total amount of annual donations received by a political party or its regional branch shall not exceed ten million times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the accounting year. The amount of annual donations received by a regional branch of the political party shall not exceed two hundred thousand times the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the accounting year.


Article 31. Economic Activity of a Political Party


1. A political party shall be independent in dealing with economic aspects of its activity, including labor remuneration, business activity, receipt and disposition of funds and other property.

2. Members of the apparatus of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions, working under a labor contract, shall be covered by the Russian Federation laws on labor and social insurance.

A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions may conclude contracts with members of the party apparatus for a term not exceeding the term of office of the leading bodies of the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions.

3. To create financial and material conditions for achieving the objectives and goals set out in the statutes and the program of a political party, the political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions may conduct the following types of business activity:

a) information, advertising, publishing and printing activities aimed to propagandize their views, objectives, goals and to publicize the results of their activities;

b) production and sale of souvenirs with the symbols and/or the name of the political party and production and sale of books and printed materials;

c) sale and leasing of movable and immovable property owned by the political party;

4. A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall not engage in any kinds of business activity other than those listed in Clause 3 of this Article.

5. The revenues from the business activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall not be distributed among the members of the political party and shall be used only for the purposes stipulated in its statutes.

6. The results of the economic activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions shall be shown in the consolidated financial statement of the political party and the financial statements of its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions.

7. A political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions may engage in charitable activity.

 

Chapter VI. State Support for Political Parties


Article 32. Kinds of State Support for Political Parties


1. The federal bodies of state power, bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government shall provide support for political parties, their regional branches and other structural subdivisions on equal terms and conditions by:

a) ensuring equal terms and conditions and equal guarantees of access to state-run and municipal mass media;

b) providing state-owned and municipal premises and means of communication on equal terms and conditions similar to those under which they are provided to state and municipal institutions;

c) ensuring equal terms and conditions for participation in election campaigns, referenda, public and political events.

2. State support shall be also provided for political parties in the form of state financing in conformity with Article 33 of this Federal Law.

3. State financing of a political party shall be suspended if the activity of the political party is suspended or if the political party fails to comply with the requirements of Article 34 of this Federal Law.

4. In the event of liquidation of a political party, its regional branch or other structural subdivisions, the state support for the given political party, its regional branch or other structural subdivision shall be discontinued as of the date on which the court decision on liquidation of the political party, its regional branch and other structural subdivision comes into legal force or as of the date on which the authorized body of the political party adopts the relevant decision. In the event of reorganization of a political party, its regional branch or other structural subdivisions, state support for the given political party, its regional branch and other structural subdivision shall be discontinued as of the date on which a corresponding entry is made in the unified state register of legal entities.

 

Chapter VII. State Financing of Political Parties


 Article 33. Federal Budget Funds Allocated to Political Parties


1. State support in the form of state financing from the federal budget shall be provided for political parties to compensate for their financial expenditures on the basis of the results of their participation in elections, in the procedure established by this Federal Law.

2. Funds to be allocated from the federal budget for state financing of political parties shall be provided for in the budget by a separate line in accordance with the budget classification of the Russian Federation.

3. The total amount of funds to be allocated from the federal budget for state financing of political parties shall not be less than a sum equal to five thousandths of the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which these funds are to be allocated, multiplied by the number of voters on the voter lists at the latest elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation or at the latest election of President of the Russian Federation.

4. The funds allocated from the federal budget for state financing of political parties shall be transferred to settlement accounts of the political parties by means of annual lump-sum transfers.

These funds shall be calculated and transferred by the federal treasury on the basis of the information about election results to be furnished to it by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation.

5. Political parties shall be entitled to funding from the federal budget in one of the following cases:

a) if the federal list of candidates nominated by the political party or by the election bloc within which the political party participated in the elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation polled not less than three percent of the votes cast by voters in the federal electoral district, according to the election results;

b) if, according to the results of the election of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, not less than 12 candidates nominated by the political party or by the election bloc indicated in Sub-Clause "a" of this Clause were elected in single-mandate electoral districts (provided the federal list of candidates, nominated by this political party or by this election bloc, polled not less than three percent of the votes cast by voters);

c) if, according to the election results, the registered candidate for President of the Russian Federation, nominated by the political party or by the election bloc within which the political party participated in the election of President of the Russian Federation, polled not less than three percent of the votes cast by voters.

6. State financing of political parties which participated in elections independently and come within Clause 5 of this Article shall be provided:

a) on the basis of the election results at the election of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - annually, in the amount equal to five thousandths of the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which this financing is to be provided, multiplied by the number of votes cast for the federal list of candidates nominated by the political party or for the candidates nominated by the political party and elected to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in single-mandate electoral districts, as provided by Sub-Clause "b", Clause 5 of this Article;

b) on the basis of the election results at the election of President of the Russian Federation - in one sum equal to five thousandths of the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which this financing is to be provided, multiplied by the number of votes cast for the registered candidate for President of the Russian Federation nominated by the political party.

7. State financing of political parties which were comprised in an election bloc and come within Clause 5 of this Article shall be provided:

a) on the basis of the election results at the election of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - annually, in the amount equal to five thousandths of the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which this financing is to be provided, multiplied by the number of votes cast for the federal list of candidates nominated by the election bloc or for the candidates nominated by the election bloc and elected to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in single-mandate electoral districts, as provided by Sub-Clause "b", Clause 5 of this Article;

b) on the basis of the election results at the election of President of the Russian Federation - in one sum equal to five thousandths of the minimum monthly wage established by the federal law as of March 1 of the year preceding the year in which this financing is to be provided, multiplied by the number of votes cast for the registered candidate for President of the Russian Federation nominated by the election bloc.

8. Allocations from the federal budget provided for in Clause 7 of this Article shall be divided between the political parties comprised in an election bloc in equal parts, unless otherwise determined by the election bloc at the time of its formation.

9. The federal budget funds provided for in Clauses 6 and 7 of this Article shall be disbursed:

a) on the basis of the election results at the elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - not later than three months after the day of official publication of the election results and, subsequently, every year throughout the period of powers of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the given convocation;

b) on the basis of the election results at the election of President of the Russian Federation - in one sum, not later than in a year after the day of official publication of the election results.

10. Political parties may refuse state financing provided for in Clauses 3, 6 and 7 of this Article. If a political party refuses state financing, the funds allocated to the political party from the federal budget on the basis of election results shall remain in the federal budget.


Article 34. Financial Accounting of a Political Party


1. A political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions shall file financial statements and accounting reports as and when prescribed by the Russian Federation laws for legal entities.

2. Every year, not later than March 20 of the year following the accounting year, a political party shall file with the tax authorities of the Russian Federation a consolidated financial statement on its receipts and expenditures in the accounting year.

3. The consolidated financial statement of a political party shall contain the data regarding the sources and amount of funds received to the accounts of the political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions in the accounting year; expenditure of these funds; the property of the political party, the value of this property and its state registration. The funds spent by the political party, its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions on the preparations for and in the course of elections shall be indicated separately. The form of a consolidated financial statement shall be established by the tax authorities of the Russian Federation in conformity with this Federal Law. The requirements to the consolidated financial statement of a political party shall be limited to those listed in this clause.


Article 35. Control Over the Financial Activity of a Political Party


1. The consolidated financial statement of a political party and the financial statements (accounting reports) of its regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions shall be audited by the tax authorities of the Russian Federation.

2. The federal registration body shall publish the consolidated financial statement of a political party on a special site in the public information and telecommunications network not later than two months after the political party files this statement with the federal tax authorities.

 

Chapter VIII. Participation of Political Parties In Elections and Referenda


Article 36. Participation of Political Parties in Elections and Referenda


1. A political party shall be the only kind of public association entitled independently to nominate candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power.

2. A political party and, in the cases provided by its statutes, regional branches of the political party may participate in elections and referenda, if the decision to call the elections or hold the referendum was officially published after the political party had submitted appropriate documents to the registration authorities, confirming the state registration of regional branches of the political party in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

3. A political party may participate in elections and referenda independently and may also form election blocs with other political parties, other All-Russian public organizations and All-Russian public movements subject to the electoral laws.

4. When nominating candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government a political party and/or an election bloc shall be obliged to publish their programs in the procedure and within the period established by the electoral laws.


Article 37. Recognition of a Political Party As Participating in Elections


1. A political party shall be deemed as participating in elections in one of the following cases where voting at the elections is conducted on:

a) a registered federal list of candidates for deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, which was nominated by the political party (or the election bloc in which it is comprised);

b) candidates for deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, who were nominated by the political party (or the election bloc in which it is comprised) and registered in not less than 5 percent of single-mandate electoral districts;

c) a registered candidate for President of the Russian Federation, who was nominated by the political party (or the election bloc in which it is comprised);

d) registered candidates for the office of the top executive of a subject of the Russian Federation (head of the highest executive body of state power of the subject of the Russian Federation), who were nominated by the political party (including a party within an election bloc) in not less than 10 percent of the subjects of the Russian Federation;

e) registered candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies of legislative (representative) bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, who were nominated by the political party (including a party within an election bloc) in not less than 20 percent of the subjects of the Russian Federation;

f) registered candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies of bodies of local self-government, who were nominated by the political party (including a party within an election bloc) in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

2. A political party, which did not participate in elections during five consecutive years as provided in Clause 1 of this Article, shall be subject to liquidation in accordance with Article 41 of this Federal Law.

 

Chapter IX. Suspension of Activity and Liquidation of Political Parties


Article 38. Control Over the Activity of Political Parties


1. The control over the observance by political parties, their regional branches and other structural subdivisions of the Russian Federation laws and over compliance of the activity of a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions with the provisions, objectives and goals set out in the statutes of the political party shall be exercised by registration authorities.

The said authorities may:

a) not oftener than once a year examine the documents of political parties and their regional branches, which confirm the existence of the regional branches and the number of members of the political parties;

b) send their representatives to public events (including congresses, conferences or general meetings) held by a political party, its regional branches and other structural subdivisions to adopt the statutes and the program of the political party, introduce modifications and amendments in these documents, elect the leading and supervisory-auditing bodies of the political party, nominate candidates for deputies and for other elective offices in the bodies of state power and the bodies of local self-government, reorganize and liquidate the political party and its regional branches;

c) issue a written warning to a political party, its regional branch or other registered structural subdivisions (indicating the concrete reasons for doing so) if they carry on an activity which is contrary to the provisions, objectives and goals set out in the statutes of the political party. The political party, its regional branch or other registered structural subdivisions may appeal this warning to a court. If a warning is issued to a regional branch or some other registered structural subdivision of a political party, the territorial registration agency shall immediately inform to this effect the federal registration body and the leading body of the political party;

d) apply to a court for suspension of the activity or for liquidation of a political party, its regional branch or other registered structural subdivisions in pursuance of Clause 3, Article 39; Clause 3, Article 41; Clause 3, Article 42 of this Federal Law.

2. The control over the sources of income of political parties, their regional branches and other registered structural subdivisions, over the amount of funds received by them and over the payment of taxes shall be exercised by the tax authorities of the Russian Federation.


Article 39. Suspension of the Activity of a Political Party, Its Regional Branch and Other Structural Subdivisions


1. If a political party violates the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the federal constitutional laws, this Federal Law and other federal laws, the federal registration body shall issue a written warning to the political party, indicating the committed violations, and shall set a period for removing these violations, which shall be not less than two months. If the political party fails to remove these violations within the prescribed period and does not appeal the warning of the federal registration body to a court, the activity of the political party may be suspended for a period of up to six months by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the basis of an application of the federal registration body.

2. If a regional branch or some other structural subdivision of a political party violates the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, this Federal Law and other federal laws, the appropriate territorial registration agency shall issue a written warning to this regional branch or the other structural subdivision of the political party, indicating the committed violations and shall set a period for removing these violations, which shall be not less than one month. If the regional branch or the other structural subdivision of the political party fails to remove these violations within the prescribed period and does not appeal the warning of the territorial registration agency to a court, the activity of the regional branch or the other structural subdivision may be suspended for a period of up to six months by a decision of the supreme court of the republic, a territorial or regional court, the court of a city of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region or autonomous district on the basis of an application of the appropriate territorial registration agency.

3. The registration authorities may apply to a court for suspension of the activity of a political party, its regional branch or other structural subdivisions following the issuance of two written warnings as provided in Sub-Clause "c," Clause 1, Article 38 of this Federal Law, unless these warnings have been appealed to a court in the procedure established by law or have been found to be contrary to law by a court. The federal registration body or a territorial agency shall not apply to a court for suspension of the activity of a political party, its regional branch or other structural subdivisions while the court is considering the complaints against such warnings.

4. If a local or a primary branch of a political party is not a legal entity, the responsibility established by this Federal Law for violations committed by this local or the primary branch shall be borne by the respective regional branch of the political party.

5. The activity of a political party, whose federal list at the election of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation was admitted for distribution of deputy mandates, shall not be suspended on the grounds, set forth in Sub-Clauses "d" and "e," Clause 3, Article 41 of this Federal Law, during four years from voting day at the said elections.

6. It shall not be allowed to suspend the activity of a political party in the period from the day of official publication of a decision to call (hold) elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation or the election of President of the Russian Federation to the day of official publication of the election results, except for the cases provided by Clauses 1, 4 and 5, Article 9 of this Federal Law.

7. It shall not be allowed to suspend the activity of a regional branch of a political party in the period from the day of official publication of a decision to call (hold) elections of deputies to the legislative (representative) body of the given subject of the Russian Federation, the top executive of the given subject of the Russian Federation (head of the highest executive body of state power of the given subject of the Russian Federation) to the date of official publication of the election results, except for the cases provided by Clauses 1, 4 and 5, Article 9 of this Federal Law.


Article 40. Consequences of Suspension of the Activity of a Political Party, Its Regional Branch and Other Structural Subdivisions


1. If the activity of a political party, its regional branch or some other structural subdivision has been suspended for a period established by a court decision, the rights of the political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision as a founder of mass media shall be suspended, they shall be forbidden to make use of state-run and municipal mass media; organize and hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches, picketing and other public events; participate in elections and referenda; use bank deposits, except for making payments required to carry on the economic activity of the political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision, pay compensation for losses (damages) caused by their actions, pay taxes and fines and make settlements under labor contracts.

2. If, within the period of suspension of the activity of a political party, its regional branches or some other structural subdivision, established by a court decision, the violations because of which such suspension was imposed have been removed, the political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision shall resume their activity upon expiration of the said period.

3. If a political party, its regional branch or some other structural subdivision fail to remove the violations because of which their activity was suspended, the federal registration body or the territorial registration agency which applied to a court for suspension of the activity of the political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision shall apply to the appropriate court for liquidation of this political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision.


Article 41. Liquidation of a Political Party


1. A political party may be liquidated by a resolution of its supreme leading body - its congress or by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

2. The resolution of the congress of a political party on liquidation of the political party shall be adopted in the procedure established by Clause 1, Article 25 of this Federal Law and the statutes of the political party.

3. A political party may be liquidated by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation if the political party:

a) fails to meet the requirements of Clauses 1, 4 and 5, Article 9 of this Federal Law;

b) fails to remove the violations because of which its activity was suspended within the period established by the court decision;

c) does not participate in elections as provided in Article 37 of this Federal Law;

d) does not have regional branches with not less than one hundred party members in more than a half of the subjects of the Russian Federation;

e) does not have the necessary number of members established by Clause 2, Article 3 of this Federal Law.

 4. An application for liquidation of a political party shall be filed with the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation by the federal registration body.

5. A political party whose federal lists at the elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation was admitted for distribution of deputy mandates shall not be liquidated on the grounds provided in Sub-Clauses "d" and "e," Clause 3 of this Article during four years from voting day at the said elections.

6. It shall not be allowed to liquidate a political party by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in the period from the day of official publication of a decision to call (hold) elections of deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the election of President of the Russian Federation to the day of official publication of the election results, except for the cases provided by Clause 1, Article 9 of this Federal Law.


Article 42. Liquidation of a Regional Branch and Other Structural Subdivisions of a Political Party


1. A regional branch and other structural subdivisions of a political party may be liquidated by a decision of the body of the political party duly authorized by its statutes, by a court decision and also in the event of liquidation of the political party.

2. Liquidation of a regional branch or other structural subdivisions of a political party by a decision of the body of the political party duly authorized by its statutes shall be carried out on the grounds and in the procedure established by the statutes of the political party. The said authorized body shall immediately notify the federal registration body about its decision in writing and the federal registration body shall make an appropriate entry in the unified state register of legal entities.

3. A regional branch or other structural subdivisions of a political party shall be liquidated by a court decision if:

a) they fail to meet the requirements of Clauses 1, 4 and 5, Article 9 of this Federal Law;

b) within the period established by the court decision they fail to remove the violations because of which their activity was suspended

c) the regional branch of a political party does not have the number of party members required under Clause 2, Article 3 of this Federal Law.

4. An application for liquidation of a regional branch or some other structural subdivision of a political party shall be filed with the supreme court of a republic, the territorial or regional court, the court of a city of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region or autonomous district by the federal registration body or by an appropriate territorial registration agency.

5. It shall not be allowed to liquidate a regional branch of a political party by a court decision in the period from the day of official publication of a decision to call (hold) elections of deputies to the legislative (representative) body of the subject of the Russian Federation, election of the top executive of the subject of the Russian Federation (head of the highest executive body of state power of the subject of the Russian Federation) to the day of official publication of the election results, except for the cases provided by Clause 1, Article 9 of this Federal Law.


Article 43. Appealing Court Decision to Suspend the Activity of or Liquidate a Political Party, Its Regional Branch or Other Structural Subdivisions


1. A court decision to suspend the activity of or liquidate a political party, its regional branch or some other structural subdivision may be appealed in the cases and in the procedure established by the federal law.

2. If a court decision to suspend the activity of or liquidate a political party, its regional branch or some other structural subdivision is reversed, the state shall compensate the political party for all losses sustained by it as a result of unlawful suspension of its activity, the activity of its regional branch or the other structural subdivision or unlawful liquidation of the political party, its regional branch or the other structural subdivision.


Article 44. Reorganization of a Political Party, its Regional Branch and Other Structural Subdivisions


1. A political party shall be reorganized by a resolution of the congress of the political party to be adopted in the procedure established by Clause 1, Article 25 of this Federal Law and the statutes of the political party.

2. A regional branch and other structural subdivisions of a political party shall be reorganized by a resolution of the congress of the political party or by a decision of the body of the political party duly authorized by its statutes. A regional branch of a political party may not take a decision on its own reorganization.


Article 45. Consequences of Liquidation and Reorganization of a Political Party


1. In the event of liquidation of a political party, its property remaining after settlement of its liabilities shall be:

a) used for achievement of the goals set out in the statutes and the program of the political party if it was liquidated by a decision of the congress of the political party;

b) transferred to the budget revenues of the Russian Federation, if the political party was liquidated by a court decision.

2. In the event of reorganization of a political party, its property shall be disposed of in the procedure established by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation with respect to reorganization of legal entities.

3. Upon termination of activity of a political party in the event of its liquidation or reorganization the state registration certificate of the political party shall be annulled and the political party shall be removed from the unified state register of legal entities.

 

Chapter X. Final and Transitional Provisions


Article 46. Entry Into Force of This Federal Law


1. This Federal Law shall enter into force from the day of its official publication, except for Article 33 and Clause 1 of Article 36. Article 33 of this Federal Law shall enter into force not later than January 1, 2004. Clause 1, Article 36 of this Federal Law shall enter into force two years after official publication of this Federal Law.

2. Articles 6 and 9 of the USSR Law "On Public Associations" (Bulletin of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, No. 42, 1990, Item 839) effective until now are hereby declared invalid in the territory of the Russian Federation (as regards the provisions relating to political parties).


Article 47. Transformation of All-Russian Political Public Associations and the Status of Interregional, Regional and Local Political Public Associations


1. All-Russian political public associations created prior to the entry into force of this Federal Law may transform into political parties in conformity with this Federal Law within two years of the date on which it enters into force.

2. Before expiration of the period established by Clause 1 of this Article, All-Russian political public associations may participate in elections and nominate candidates (lists of candidates) for deputies and for other elective offices in bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government in accordance with the electoral laws

3. Before expiration of the period established by Clause 1 of this Article, a political party created by way of transformation of an All-Russian political public organization or an All-Russian political public movement may participate in elections from the date of the state registration of the political party.

4. Pending introduction of modifications in the Russian Federation laws concerning the procedure for participation of political parties in elections to the federal bodies of state power, bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, political parties shall participate in the said elections in the procedure established by the Russian Federation laws with respect to All-Russian political public associations.

5. Upon expiration of the period established by Clause 1 of this Article, an All-Russian political public association which has not transformed into a political party, shall lose the status of a political public association and shall act as an All-Russian public organization or an All-Russian public movement on the basis of the statutes which shall be applicable in so far as they do not contradict this Federal Law.

6. Upon expiration of the period established by Clause 1 of this Article, the interregional, regional and local political public associations shall lose the status of a political public association and shall act as interregional, regional and local public associations, respectively, on the basis of their statutes which shall be applicable in so far as they do not contradict this Federal Law.


Article 48. Bringing Statutory Acts In Line With This Federal Law


The President of the Russian Federation shall be asked and the Government of the Russian Federation shall be instructed to bring their statutory acts in line with this Federal Law.

 

V. Putin

President of the Russian Federation

 

Moscow, Kremlin

July 11, 2001

No. 95-FZ